Volume 5, Issue 4, August 2010, Pages 351-372
Graphene and graphite nanoribbons: Morphology, properties, synthesis, defects and applications Review Article
Mauricio Terrones, Andrés R. Botello-Méndez, Jessica Campos-Delgado, Florentino López-Urías, Yadira I. Vega-Cantú, Fernando J. Rodríguez-Macías, Ana Laura Elías, Emilio Muñoz-Sandoval, Abraham G. Cano-Márquez, Jean-Christophe Charlier, Humberto Terrones
is a unique and very versatile element which is capable of forming different architectures at the nanoscale. Over the last 20 years, new members of the nanostructure family arose, and more are coming. This review provides a brief overview on nanostructures ranging from C60 to graphene, passing through nanotubes. It provides the reader with important definitions in nanoscience and concentrates on novel one- and two-dimensional layered (sp2 hybridized), including graphene and nanoribbons. This account presents the latest advances in their synthesis and characterization, and discusses new perspectives of tailoring their electronic, chemical, mechanical and magnetic properties based on defect control engineering. It is foreseen that some of the structures discussed in the review will have important applications in areas related to electronics, spintronics, composites, medicine and many others.